ENKRIPSI CITRA SATELIT MENGGUNAKAN ALGORITMA ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD BERBASIS CCSDS = SATELLITE IMAGE ENCRYPTION USING ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD ALGORITHM BASED ON CCSDS

Image of ENKRIPSI CITRA SATELIT MENGGUNAKAN ALGORITMA ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD BERBASIS CCSDS = SATELLITE IMAGE ENCRYPTION USING ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD ALGORITHM BASED ON CCSDS
Abstrak
Berdasarkan rekomendasi Concultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS), data satelit akan melalui beberapa tahapan pengolahan sebelum ditransmisikan ke stasiun bumi, yaitu proses kompresi, enkripsi dan encoding. Algoritma Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) adalah salah satu algoritma kriptografi yang direkomendasikan CCSDS untuk proses enkripsi data satelit, yaitu suatu proses pengacakan terhadap sebuah data sehingga data tersebut terlihat acak dan tidak dapat dikenali sebagai data yang valid. Algoritma AES dapat diimplementasikan dalam beberapa mode operasi, diantaranya yaitu mode electronic codebook (ECB), mode chiper block chaining (CBC), dan mode counter (CTR). Makalah ini membahas perbandingan kinerja antara beberapa mode operasi algoritma AES tersebut untuk mengolah data citra satelit, terkait dengan keamanan data, resistansi terhadap noise, dan efisiensi mode operasi. Simulasi dan analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak MATLAB dan perangkat keras FPGA. Analisis keamanan data dengan menggunakan pendekatan histogram citra menunjukkan bahwa mode operasi ECB memiliki kinerja yang paling rendah,tetapi tidak rentan terhadap noise dan pengolahan dapat dilakukan dengan cepat. Mode CBC memiliki keamanan data yang cukup kuat, tetapi kurang resistan terhadap noise dan membutuhkan waktu pengolahan yang lebih lama. Sementara itu, mode counter memiliki kinerja terbaik dalam hal perimbangan keamanan data, resistansi terhadap noise serta kecepatan waktu pengolahan datanya. Berdasarkan analisis dan pertimbangan kelebihan dan kekurangan beberapa mode operasi tersebut, maka disarankan penggunaan algoritma enkripsi data AES dalam mode operasi counter pada sistem pengolah data citra satelit apabila satelit tersebut memiliki sistem Payload Data Handling (PDH) yang cukup handal.

Abstract
Based on Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) recommendation, satellite data will be processed in several processing stages before transmitted to earth ground station, which are compression, encryption and encoding process. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm is one of cryptographic algorithm that is recommended by CCSDS for satellite data encryption process, a data scrambling process that produces random data which cannot be recognized as valid data. AES algorithm can be implemented in several modes of operation, i.e: electronic codebook mode (ECB), chiper block chaining mode (CBC), and counter mode (CTR). This paper discusses about performance comparison between these AES modes of operation, in terms of data security, noise resistance and operation mode efficiency. Simulation and analysis are done using MATLAB software as well as FPGA hardware implementation. Data security analysis based on image histogram approach shows that ECB mode has the worst performance, but it has fast processing time and resistant to noise. More common CBC mode of operation has a very good data security, but it has higher processing time and more susceptible to noise. Meanwhile, counter mode has the best trade-offs between data security performance, noise resistance and data processing efficiency. Based on advantages and disadvantages of each mode of operation, it is recommended to use AES algorithm in counter operation mode on satellite image data on-board processing, given that the satellite has a good Payload Data Handling System (PDHS).
Informasi Detil
Judul Seri -
No. Panggil -
Penerbit LAPAN : Jakarta.,
Deskripsi Fisik Hlm. 132-141:Il.; 29,7 Cm.
Bahasa Indonesia
ISBN/ISSN 978-602-71833-3-9
Klasifikasi NONE
Edisi SIPTEKGAN XXI 2017
Subyek CCSDS
kriptograf
enkripsi citra
Advanced Encryption Standard
PDHS
Pernyataan Tanggungjawab
Pusat Teknologi Satelit
Versi lain/terkait
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